The Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves. Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, during the Civil War. It said that slaves in the Southern states were free. Slaves could then join the United States Army. 185,000 African Americans fought in the Civil War. They fought for the Union and for freedom. The Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves.
Section "Learn and Explore" uses official instructions and media files of US Citizenship and Immigration Services, US National Museum of American History, The Smithsonian Institution and other governmental and public organization.